According to science, namely astronomy and astrophysics disciplines, stars are suns, that have various sizes, composition, luminosity and are situated at relative distances from Earth.
Now, except the parallax method (which is correct when applied to “earthly” things), which measures distances between celestial bodies (stars, planets, moons, asteroids, etc.) in space, when talking about size, composition and luminosity, we enter in a completely made up, borderline sci-fi, “scientific” methods and principles conglomerate that define the mentioned quality of stars.
To better understand why they are made up and borderline sci-fi, just look at what science say about our Sun.They know its size, composition and luminosity, while nobody, ever, sent a probe to the Sun (to actually see its composition), nobody have anything to compare Sun’s size with (those telling us that they measured Sun size and distance using the parallax with Venus, just ask them how they measured the size of Venus and the distance between Earth and Venus and Venus to Sun).As for luminosity, there are plenty of experiments that actually are true about Sun’s luminosity.
But, since I want to talk about Sun and Polaris only, I will assume that everything that science tell us about Sun and Polaris is true.
I will start with mentioning that the composition of the Sun and Polaris do not matter here, all I want to compare are the size and luminosity.
Polaris luminosity is 2,200 times bigger than our Sun, and Polaris diameter is 30 times bigger.As you can see, the luminosity of a star is not proportional with the size of such star.Polaris, with a 30 times bigger diameter than our Sun, is does not have a 30 times bigger luminosity, but 2,200 times bigger.
Another thing I want to mention, is Sun’s apparent size, the Sun as we see it, without human eyes.Ofc, looking at the Sun with the naked eye, the image will be highly distorted and a bit painful for the eye, so, in order to determine the apparent Sun’s size, we will use the Moon apparent size, since it is 400 times smaller but 400 times closer than the Sun, not to mention that we can look at the Moon without any visual issues.
We all can appreciate the apparent size of the Moon, seen from down here, with our eyes.When it is a full moon, the Moon’s apparent size is basically the size of a basketball, so, the apparent size of the Sun is also basically the size of a basketball, see with our eyes.
I have to remind “human eyes” often, because this is what we are talking about : comparing Sun and Polaris size and luminosity exclusively using our eyes, simply because we can see both of them and a lot of other stars, just using our own eyes.
The distance between Earth to the Sun is, using light speed, aprox. 8 light minutes, and between Earth and Polaris, is aprox. 434 light years, which means that Polaris is situated at a distance 28,513,800 times further away from Earth than the Sun is.
Now, how far the Sun should be from Earth, in order to be seen like any star we see in the night time?Not very far, it will be actually damn close.If the Sun have the apparent size of a basketball, at 8 light minutes away, it will be a dot in the sky at a distance not bigger than 100 times away from Earth.A basketball is like 18 inches in diameter.100 times smaller is 0.18 inches, or roughly 4.5 millimeters.
100 times further away is 800 light minutes, which is 13.3 light hours.If we double this distance, we will have a Sun with the apparent size of 2.2 milimeters, situated at a distance of 26.6 light hours away.That is just a little more than one day light.
Polaris have a luminosity 2,200 bigger than the Sun.If we replace Sun with Polaris, in our little experiment, at a distance of 26.6 light hours away from us (bit more than one day light), Polaris apparent size would be 30 times bigger, so aprox. 6.6 cemtimeters (2.6 inches).In order to see Polaris with the apparent size of the Sun, when the Sun is 2.2 millimeters, we will have to move Polaris 30 times x 26.6 light hours further, which is almost 800 light hours.That distance is only 33.3 light days away from Earth, and Polaris will be a dot.
However, Polaris is not 33.3 light days away from us (where it will be a dot), it is 434 light years away from us (and it is still a dot), which is 4,757 times further.
I am sorry globetards, but if Polaris would be 33.3 light days away from us, and it will be a dot, how can it be STILL a dot, when it is (434 light years) 4,757 TIMES further away?
I am sure some globetards will say “luminosity” and “brightness”, to prove me wrong in my assumptions.Well, Polaris luminosity is 2,200 times than our Sun.I can do the same assumption based on luminosity : imagine moving Polaris 2,200 times closer to us.Well, IT WILL STILL BE A DOT, because 2,200 times closer is 72 light days away.Polaris will be a dot at 33.3 light days away, 72 light days away or 434 light YEARS away.It will be a dot, and nothing more.A dot CANNOT produce daylight, no matter how bright it is.It’s a DOT.
The problem is that Polaris (or ANY other star) CANNOT be a dot in the sky, if it is what science say it is : a sun.If I see Polaris as a dot, 33.3 light days away, I cannot see it, AT ALL, at 434 light years away.No star in NASA database will be visible with the naked eye.Not even one.
If you have the time, do the math for any star you want, using only size, distance and luminosity.
Anything else is bullshit.Brightness is a term invented to give credibility to the fact that we can see stars with the naked eye.That brightness have no scientific base.There is no experiment that could prove the brightness of a star.Sure, you can compare a GIVEN value of brightness of a star, and extrapolate from there to all of the stars, but the problem is that brightness have NOTHING to do with luminosity, hence, the brightness cannot, ever, be scientifically proven based on determine values, but only on GIVEN values.
If a globetard still insists that a star can be seen because it is bright, point him to the inverse square law.I did not go into this, because a lot of people hate math, and because it will completely destroy the theory that stars are suns.Polaris, with 2,200 times Sun’s luminosity, when the inverse square law is applied, cannot be seen with the naked eye, simply because it doesn’t emit a quantity of light big enough to reach Earth.It is barely enough to reach an observer situated not even 1 light year away from Polaris.
Same is with Sun size and distance from us : it is based on GIVEN values, not determined values.The “scientists” GAVE values to Venus (size, distance to us and to Sun), based on nothing, but imagination.
If I say that Venus is twice as big but twice as far from us and from the Sun, the Sun will have EXACTLY the same size and distance from us, as they say it is now.Also, if I say that Venus is half the size, but half the distance, the Sun will have EXACTLY the same size and distance from us, as they say it is now.
Stars are not suns.Stars are very small and very close to us.The Sun is not a star.Polaris is not a sun.
Flat Earth Education.